Arrasate or Mondragón (Basque and Spanish official names, Mondragon is an unofficial Basque name) – is a town and municipality in Gipuzkoa province, Basque Country, Spain. Its population on 31 December 2007 was 22,112.
It is known mainly as the place of origin of the Mondragón Cooperative Corporation (MCC), the world’s largest worker cooperative, whose foundation was inspired in the 1940s by Father José María Arizmendiarrieta. In 2002 the MCC contributed 3.7% towards the total GDP of the Basque Country and 7.6% to the industrial GDP. The valley of the High Deba where it is located enjoyed a high level of employment in the 1980s while the rest of the Basque industrial areas suffered from the steel crisis.
Noted poverty expert and sociology professor Barbara J. Peters (Southampton College, Long Island University) has studied the incorporated and entirely resident-owned Basque town of Mondragón, Spain. “In Mondragón, I saw no signs of poverty. I saw no signs of extreme wealth,” Peters said. “I saw people looking out for each other…..It’s a caring form of capitalism.”Spanish Town without Poverty, Newswise Jan 2000