Being a Vegetarian in Spain
According to the UK Food Standards Agency, 8% of English people are vegetarian or partly vegetarian. I am one who has the fortune to live in Spain, where tomatoes taste like tomatoes, local markets sell seasonal fruits from down the road and green, nutty olive oil abounds.
Unlike in England, I can afford to eat and drink out on a regular basis and small shops with local goods are still surviving despite the looming presence of supermarkets. So let’s get this straight, there are great things about being a vegetarian in Spain, unfortunately though, as a veggie visitor recently said “Amazing how they can add meat to everything – even my vegetable soup wasn’t safe!”
Let’s go back to three years ago, when I was flying out to Spain for the first time in many years,
“Tiene algo para vegetarianas?” Do you have anything for vegetarians?
“No, sorry. We had cheese sandwiches but they have finished.”
“Oh, how about snacks?”
“Well, we have this.” She offered me a salami.
“Um, that’s meat.”
“Oh, you don’t eat this?”
She sounds surprised, I’m not.
Ten years previously, when I was living and eating in Spain, being a vegetarian was seen as a peculiar and pitiable anomaly. My Spanish friends and their families attempted to force-feed me large chunks of cheese, convinced that I would fade away without the aid of meat. Eating out was a trial. Vegetable paella was made with heavy fish stock and soups tended to be the same.
Mixed salads came with tuna, mushroom pizzas came with ham. “But that’s not meat,” waiters assured me. “No?” “No, it’s only ham.” Oh right, ham, from the pig tree. For some reason, in Spain ham is not meat and tuna is not fish. I have not as yet been able to discover which plants yield these unwieldy tuna and ham fruits, but there must be a grand orchard of them somewhere!
The Spanish don’t eat vegetables, at least not like we do. A meal is not a meal unless it contains meat and Spaniards tend to prefer salad to vegetables. Vegetable dishes that seem innocuous on the menu arrive sprinkled with small pieces of chorizo (a kind of spicy sausage) or surreptitiously small pieces of cured ham.
However, with a cursory knowledge of Spanish, patience and careful menu selections it is possible to find something to enjoy almost everywhere.
First of all, there’s the salads, ‘ensalada mixta’ mixed salad usually consists of lettuce, grated carrot, tomatoes, sweetcorn and sometimes asparagus, mixed salad nearly always also contains boiled egg and tuna or ham, to be sure ask: ¿Qué ingredientes tiene? What is in it?
The traditional Spanish omelette (tortilla) is a simple, filling combination of thinly sliced potatoes and egg, but mushroom, tomato and cheese versions are also available. Lots of restaurants offer pasta con salsa a eligir with the sauce of your choice. I know this is Spain and not Italy, but pizzas and pizza breads are always safe fall-back.
The only way to really enjoy Spanish food is to experience tapas. Most bars offer their own selection of tapas at around 2 euros for snack-sized portion.
Try the following:
Patatas bravas ~ potatoes in a spicy tomato sauce
Revuelto de setas ~ mushroom and scrambled egg (do check it doesn’t contain ham or prawns)
Aceitunas ~ olives (beware those that may be stuffed with anchovies)
Espinacas con garbanzos ~ spinach and chickpeas cooked with spices
Patatas ali-oli ~ potatoes in a garlic mayonnaise sauce
Gazpacho ~ cold tomato soup
Salmorejo (in Andalucia) ~ a thicker more dip like version of gazpacho
Queso manchego ~ a delicious hard Spanish goat’s cheese
Croquetas de espinacas ~ Spinach croquettes made with bechamel sauce, usually with pine nuts
The best advice is to accept that you will have to experiment, have a ‘taster’ check unidentifiable food for you and befriend some bar owners who can adapt dishes to your diet.
Fari Greenaway has been teaching English in Cordoba for several years.